Diwali : An Incredible Festival

DIWALI || An Epic Festival


Diwali is the festival of cultural, religious and spiritual significance (means the awareness and celebration of the inner light) for Hindus. According to the Hindu mythology it is believed that there is something which is pure, never-ending, unchanging and eternal beyond our physical body as well as mind called Atman. People celebrate Diwali to enjoy the triumph of truth over the sin.

WHO Celebrates it And Why

  • Diwali is celebrated by the people to welcome the homecoming of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile, after defeating the Ravana. People welcome Lord Rama by lighting lots of ghee diyas in the rows.
  • It is celebrated by the Jain religion regarding the achievement of moksha or nirvana by Mahavira in the 527 BCE and by the Arya Samajists regarding the Death Anniversary of the Swami Dayanand Saraswati or day as Shardiya Nav-Shasyeshti.
  • It is also celebrated as the Naraka Chaturdashi (one day before Diwali) means the day to commemorate the victory over the evil demon Narakasura. The demon was killed by the Krishna or his wife Satyabhama during the Dwapara yuga.
  • It is also celebrated as the homecoming of the Pandavas after 12 years of exile as well as one year of agyatavas (means living secretly).
  • According to the Hindu calendar the Marwari New Year is also celebrated on Diwali (last day of Krishna Paksha of Ashvin).
  • Gujarati also celebrated their new year a day after the festival of Diwali according to the Lunar calendar (1st day of Shukla paksha of the month of Kartik).

Diwali for HINDUS

The significance of celebrating Diwali in India by Hindus are spiritual, religious and cultural. The celebration of the festival of Diwali by the Hindus every year is associated with the home-coming of Rama, Sita and Lakshman to their kingdom, Ayodhya after the 14 years of exile. People of Ayodhya welcomed their King by lighting the clay diyas and firing crackers. Lord Rama had defeated the demon king Ravana that’s why Hindu people celebrate it as the indication of victory of goodness over the badness.
Five days celebrations of Diwali remarks different significance according to the legends of Diwali. The first day of Diwlai, Dhanteras indicates the beginning of new financial year for Hindus. The second day of Diwali is known as Chhoti Diwali or Naraka Chaturdashi which is celebrated to remember the triumph of the Lord Krishna over the devil king Naraka. Third day of Diwali is known as the main Diwali which is celebrated by the Hindus by worshiping Goddess Lakshmi to commemorate the birthday of Goddess Lakshmi from the churning of ocean by the demons and Gods a long years ago. They consider that worshiping Goddess Lakshmi at this day showers wealth, wisdom and prosperity. Fourth day of Diwali is known as Bali Pratipada or Govardhan Puja which is celebrated by Hindus to commemorate the triumph of Lord Vishnu over the demon king Bali as well as the triumph of Lord Krishna over the arrogant God Indra. The fifth and last day of Diwali is known as the Yama Dvitiya or Bhai Dooj which is celebrated in Hindus by brothers and sisters to strengthen the relationship and responsibilities to each other.

Diwali for JAINS

Diwali is also celebrated by the Jainism according to their own culture, tradition and significance. It is considered that on the day of Diwali, Lord Mahavira (last Jain Tirthankar of the era) had achieved Nirvana at Chaturdashi in the month of Kartika (during dawn of the amavasya) at Pavapuri on15th of October 527 BCE. According to the Kalpasutra (by Acharya Bhadrabahu), in the 3rd century BC there were many gods in order to illuminate the darkness. That’s why Diwali is celebrated in Jainism to commemorate Mahavira.
They also celebrate Diwali as the start of new year from the 4th day of Diwali (Pratipada). They start their new accounting year for business from Diwali. They generally avoid firing crackers on because of noise pollution. They decorate temples, offices, homes, shops with the lights and diyas which is the symbol of knowledge or removal of ignorance. They chant mantras and other religious songs in the temples. There is a ritual in Jainism to visit the Pava-puri at Diwali in order to offer prayer to God.

Diwali for SIKHS

Sikhs has their own significance of celebrating the festival of Diwali. They celebrate it to commemorate the homecoming of their Guru Har Gobind ji from the prison of Emperor Jahangir along with numerous Hindu gurus. After getting free from the prison Har Gobind ji went to the golden temple of Amritsar. People had celebrated the freedom of their Guru with great zeal and courage by lighting the lamps and decorating their entire city. From that day the Guru Hargobind Ji started to be known as Bandi-Chhor means the liberator. People go to the Gurdwara and offer prayer to their God and have langar. They lit the candles at Gurdwaras and use some fireworks. They celebrate Diwali as the liberation day of their Guru that’s why it is also known as the Bandi Chor Divas.

Diwali for Buddhism

Diwali is celebrated by the Buddhist community as it is considered that at this day the Emperor Ashoka was converted to the Buddhism. That’s why they celebrate Diwali as the Ashok Vijayadashami. They celebrate it by chanting the mantras as well as remembering Emperor Ashoka.



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